Donald Trump set to 'decertify' 2015 Iran nuclear deal

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US President Donald Trump's team now faces an October 15 deadline to tell Congress whether it will continue to certify that Iran is complying with the deal.

The greatest European fear was that Trump would torpedo the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), by reimposing sanctions, or calling on Congress to do so.

Engel said the United States would lose any leverage it has with allies in the deal if it abandons the JCPOA.

Johnson said the agreement - under which Iran agreed to limit its nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of economic sanctions - "was the culmination of 13 years of painstaking diplomacy and has increased security, both in the region and in the UK".

Serious concern has been growing on the possible United States administration's withdrawal from Iran nuclear deal. Tom Cotton, R-Arkansas, are wary of decertification because it would constitute a "material breach" of the agreement and could destroy it. He held US government national security positions for 25 years with the CIA, DIA, and the House Intelligence Committee staff. Fleitz also served as Chief of Staff to John R. Bolton when he was Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security in the George W. Bush administration. The middle ground that these options supposedly represent is an illusion - their sole goal is to ensure that President Trump never withdraws from an agreement he has correctly called an embarrassment to the United States. The US president will say the nuclear deal does not serve US national security interests, contradicting his defence secretary and top generals.

Drafts of two proposals seen by The Associated Press, one from Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman Bob Corker and one from committee member and harsh deal critic Senator Tom Cotton, would expand the United States certification criteria to include items that are also the province of the UN nuclear watchdog and require the U.S. intelligence community to determine if Iran is carrying out illicit activity in facilities to which the International Atomic Energy Agency does not have access.

Mr. Trump's advisers also refused to present him with a thoughtful Iran deal exit strategy drafted by Ambassador John Bolton or to let Bolton meet with the president to brief this option. "We may have to array our forces to prepare for. calibrated strikes".

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But several key Democrats suggested there might be room to negotiate with Republicans about beefing up the deal without eviscerating it.

Federica Mogherini, while talking to PBS TV channel, on Wednesday, highlighted Iran's full compliance with the 2015 deal. If those sanctions are put back into place, the JCPOA would be considered breached. But it is a requirement of USA law.

Iran's intelligence service and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps "are the cudgels of a despotic theocracy, with the IRGC accountable only to a Supreme Leader. It is these security implications that we continue to encourage the consider".

"Once that we have an agreement that is functioning, that is working, that is delivering, the worst thing you can do is trying to dismantle it, also because you would show the way to others that making deals actually is not worth it, because the message that America would send to the rest of the world is that America cannot be trusted upon", she said. The IAEA certified in its latest quarterly report on August 31, 2017, that Iran has complied with the JCPOA and that its stock of low-enriched uranium and centrifuges for enrichment are in line with the nuclear pact.

The Europeans seem more inclined to try to "build" on the deal in this way.

While Iran and the other parties have said the deal is not open for renegotiation, at least one party, France, has signalled a willingness to explore additional arrangements to resolve the concerns. Congress would act under provisions of the Coker-Cardin Act which allow expedited consideration of taking such action over a 60-day period.