He started by saying he is releasing information on the Russian ads to Congress, and added that Facebook who make political ads more transparent.
The move Thursday comes as the company has faced growing pressure from members of Congress to release the content of the ads.
"I wish I could tell you we're going to be able to stop all interference, but that just wouldn't be realistic", Zuckerberg said.
Facebook has already handed over copies of the ads and information about the relevant accounts to Special Counsel Robert Mueller, who is conducting an investigation into Russian meddling in the 2016 election.
In addition to the 470 accounts that appeared to be run from Russia, Stamos said its investigators also discovered an additional $50,000 in spending via 2,200 ads that "might have originated in Russia", even including ads purchased by accounts with IP addresses in the US but set to Russian in the language settings.
Zuckerberg also outlined new steps to curb election interference.
Setting aside anything that might be problematic with that approach, Facebook also made the argument that the initial decision to withhold the ads was done so the company wouldn't set a troubling precedent for future information requests from any government.
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The CBS late-night host had promised a political show, and his opening number did include jabs at negative news headlines. Out of breath, she also took a moment to thank the author who wrote the book and gave shout-outs to Hulu and MGM.
While the amount of money involved was relatively small, enough to buy roughly 3,000 ads, the accounts or pages violated Facebook policies and were shut down, according to Facebook chief security officer Alex Stamos. "We don't check what people say before they say it, and frankly, I don't think our society shouldn't want us to", said Zuckerberg.
Zuckerberg said Facebook will more than double the team working on election integrity, without revealing how many staffers that now does or would eventually entail.
The CEO said in a Facebook live video on Thursday that the company would provide the controversial ads to government officials to support ongoing investigations in the United States and as part of the social media company's renewed efforts to protect the "integrity" of elections around the world. "If you break our community standards or the law, then you're going to face consequences afterwards".
Facebook executives had briefed the Senate Intelligence Committee earlier this month on the Russian-linked ads.
He said Facebook "won't catch everyone immediately", but instead can "make it harder to try to interfere". But critics say Facebook should go further.