Unique IDs to stop cattle smuggling?

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Moreover, it asserted that the UID number should have age, breed, sex, lactation, height, body, color, horn type, tail switch and special marks details of the animal.

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In a crackdown on cow smuggling, a committee headed by the Joint Secretary of the Home Ministry has been formed, that has given some recommendations.

Emphasizing on the prohibition of smuggling of animals across Bangladesh, the Centre said that active support and cooperation should be sought from the public.

Almost one lakh technicians have been assigned the task of fixing a polyurethane tag in the centre of the ear lobe of the cattle with a tag applicator.

In the report, the government had made it the state governments' responsibility to ensure safety and care for abandoned animals. Every Kanji house, the committee has recommended, may have a full time veterinary doctor and staff for its effective running and maintenance.

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The petitioner claimed there was rampant smuggling of live cattle across the border to Bangladesh, which had led to depletion of this country's cattle wealth.

The committee has also recommended that the penalty of Rs 50 under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, be revised based on inflation correction since 1960 when the Act came into force.

The issue before the apex court also included concern over smuggling of cattle to Nepal for being sacrificed at the Gadhimai festival, held once in five years, and a petition relating to it filed before the festival in 2014. Assam with 33,619 seized cattle figured second in the list.

A state-level data bank may be uploaded on website to be linked with the national online database.

The panel has suggested that "state governments bordering Bangladesh may prohibit livestock markets within 20 km distance from global borders". "The protocol for such registration may be notified by the Ministry of Agriculture and also allocation of suitable budget for the registration of cattle in a phase-wise manner across the country".